Overview


Trend Research Publishing(TRPUB) publishes peer-reviewed, open access journals covering a wide range of academic disciplines. Before manuscript submission, please read and follow these instructions carefully; doing so will ensure that the publication of your manuscript is as rapid and efficient as possible.

 

Submission Policy


Papers submitted to Trend Research Publishing must contain original material. The submitted paper, or any translation of it, must neither be published, nor be submitted for publication elsewhere. Violations of these rules will normally result in an immediate rejection of the submission without further review. Contributions should be written in English and include a 100-300 words abstract. TRPUB's journals usually welcome the following types of contributions:

  • Original research articles
  • Review articles, providing a comprehensive review on a scientific topic

 

Manuscript Submission


Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript tracking system. Only electronic PDF (.pdf) or Word (.doc, .docx, .rtf) files can be submitted through the MTS, and there is no page limit. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. The submitting author takes responsibility for the manuscript during submission and peer review. For technical help contact submission@tjsr.org.

All manuscripts can be submitted as the following ways:

MS Word: Prepare a manuscript in MS Word 2003 or above.
LaTeX: Before submitting a LaTex file, please use the TRPUB LaTex Template.

Licensing Agreement

Unless otherwise indicated, the articles and journal content published by TRPUB are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (also known as a CC-BY license). This means that you are free to use, reproduce and distribute the articles and related content (unless otherwise noted), for commercial and noncommercial purposes, subject to citation of the original source in accordance with the CC-BY license.

 

Manuscript Template


 

Manuscript Preparation


The manuscript should be written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English. It is recommended that you ask colleagues to read over your paper prior to submission to ensure it is of a high standard and conforms to a high level of scientific writing.

Order of Manuscript

The manuscript should be presented in the following order.

Title Page

This should contain the title of the contribution and the names and addresses of the authors. The full postal address, e-mail address, telephone and facsimile number of the author who will receive correspondence and check the proofs should be included.

Running Head

The running head or short title is the shortened version of your manuscript title. Not only does this help identifying your manuscript during the evaluation process, it also acts as the manuscript title on the journal homepage providing information at a glance for people who are reading the journal.

Abstract

All manuscripts must include a brief but informative Abstract. It should not exceed 300 words and should describe the scope, hypothesis or rationale for the work and the main findings. The abstract should allow the reader to quickly have a clear idea about the rational for the work, the experiments conducted and the results of those experiments before reading the rest of the manuscript. Both common and scientific names should be included; the authorities are not given if they appear in the title. References to the literature and mathematical symbols/equations should not be included.

Keywords

Key words (3-8) should be provided below the Abstract to assist with indexing of the article.

Introduction

The Introduction should briefly indicate the objectives of the study and provide enough background information to clarify why the study was undertaken and what hypotheses were tested.

Materials and Methods

This section should be concise but provide sufficient detail of the material used and equipment and the procedure followed to allow the work to be repeated by others.

Results

Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures. Repetitive presentation of the same data in tables and figures should be avoided. The results should not contain material appropriate to the Discussion. All tables, graphs, statistical analyses and sample calculations should be presented in this section.

Discussion

The results should be discussed in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction. Comment on results and indicate possible sources of error. Place the study in the context of other work reported in the literature. Only in exceptional cases should the “Results and Discussion” sections be combined. Refer to graphs, tables and figures by number. This helps tie the data into the text in a very effective manner. Authors should also take future research and limitations into account in the Discussion section.

Conclusion

The main conclusions of the experimental work should be presented. The contribution of the work to the scientific community and its economic implications should be emphasized.

Acknowledgement

The source of financial support must be acknowledged. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest in the covering letter submitted with the manuscript. Technical assistance may also be acknowledged.

Appendix

An appendix may be included (and is often helpful) in mathematical or computational modeling.

Funding Information

The authors should acknowledge the funders of this manuscript and provide all necessary funding information.

Author Contributions

Authors are required to include a statement of responsibility in the manuscript that specifies the contribution of every author. The level of detail varies; some disciplines produce manuscripts that comprise discrete efforts readily articulated in detail, whereas other fields operate as group efforts at all stages.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest exists when judgment regarding the research is influenced by factors such as financial gain or personal relationships. All authors are required to disclose any financial, personal or other associations that may influence or be perceived to influence, their work.

References

It is the Authors responsibility to ensure that the information in each reference is complete and accurate. Only published and “in press” references should appear in the reference list.

  • REFERENCES Summary All sources cited in text must appear in the reference list, and all items in the reference list must be cited in text. With the numerical system, references are arranged in the reference list so that they match the order in which they are cited in the text.
  • REFERENCES In-Text Citation Format References are simply cited with the consistent reference number in square brackets. Do not set references number as superscript number. Do not use “Ref. [6]” or “Reference [6]” except at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. “Reference [6] shows …”
    • A. Single Reference If the author's name appears in the text, place the reference number immediately after the name. E.g. Peter[10] found an innovative scientific phenomenon.
    • B. Multiple References
      1) Put two or four numbers in numerical order and separate them by commas but no spaces. E.g.: [5,6]
      2) Indicate three or more consecutive reference numbers by giving the first and last numbers separated by a hyphen. E.g.: [3-6]
  • List of REFERENCES Authors are requested to check all references for completeness, including author names, paper title, publisher, journal heading, Volume, Number, pages for journal citations, Year.
    • Journal references must cite the full title of the paper, page range or article number, and digital object identifier (DOI) where available. Cited journals should be abbreviated according to ISO 4 rules, see the ISSN Center's List of Title Word Abbreviations or CAS's Core Journals List. Note: If you are not sure how to abbreviate a particular journal title, please leave the entire title. The Editorial Office will abbreviate those journal titles appropriately.
      e.g. [8] Pérocheau Arnaud, S.; Andreou, E.; Pereira Köster, L.V.G.; Robert, T. Selective Synthesis of Monoesters of Itaconic Acid with Broad Substrate Scope: Biobased Alternatives to Acrylic Acid? ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2020, 8, 1583–1590.
    • References to books should cite the author(s), title, publisher, publisher location (city and country), publication year, and page
      e.g. [9] Smith, A.B. Textbook of Organic Chemistry; D. C. Jones: New York, NY, USA, 1961; pp 123-126. DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b06330
    • References to Conference should cite the author(s), title, conference title, publication page, year
      e.g. [10] A. Abiewskiro,. Z. Moplskiiera. The Problem Of Grammar Choice For Verification, TCSET of the International Conference, House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 19-23 , 2008.

Tables

Tables should be self-contained and the data should not be duplicated in figures. Tables should be numbered consecutively. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses. All abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters (not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes to a minimum. *, **, *** should be reserved for P values.

  • TABLE Title Every table must have a unique title placed at the top. Titles should be clear and concise, and they should not be complete sentences.
  • TABLE Format Table tools in Microsoft Word are strongly recommended for inserting a table. It’s necessary to avoid tables created with the tab key.
  • TABLE Numbering & Citation Tables in the main body of the text should be numbered and cited consecutively according to their appearance in the text.

Figures

Only necessary illustrations should be included. All illustrations (line drawings and photographs) are classified as figures. Figures should be cited in consecutive order in the text. Figures should be sized to fit within the column or the full text width. Line figures should be supplied as sharp, black and white or color diagrams, drawn with a computer graphics package. Photographs should be sharp and magnifications should be indicated on photographs using a scale bar. Graphics should be supplied as high-resolution (at least 300 d.p.i.) electronic files. Digital images supplied as low-resolution cannot be used and will not be accepted. The legend should incorporate definitions of any symbols used and all abbreviations and units of measurement should be explained so that the figure can be understood without reference to the text.

  • FIGURE Caption Each figure should have a caption. The caption should be concise and typed separately, not on the figure area; If figures have parts (for example, A and B), make sure all parts are explained in the caption.
  • FIGURE Numbering & Citation All figures are to be sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals. Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • FIGURE Resolution Figures must be created at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. For fuzzy or jagged figures, authors are required to replace it or send the original figure file to us for reproduction.

Equations

Equations should be numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals to avoid ambiguities, if they will be referred to in text. Citation for an equation should be made by using “(1),” not “Eq. (1)” or “equation (1),” except at the beginning of a sentence: “Equation (1) is…”

  • EQUATION Format The equation number should be placed in parentheses to the right of the equation. E.g. Hn+1(1/n+1, 1/n+1, …, 1/n+1) (1); Do not create equations as pictures. Use MathType or insert symbols as normal text.

Abbreviations and Units

SI units as outlined in the latest edition of Units, symbols and Abbreviations: A Guide for Medical and Scientific Editors and Authors (Royal Society of Medicine Press, London), should be used wherever possible. Statistics and measurements should always be given in figures; except where the number begins the sentence. When the number does not refer to a unit measurement, it is spelt out, except where the number is greater than nine. Use only standard abbreviations. The word Figure should be shortened to Fig. unless starting a sentence.

 

Peer-Review Process


Initial Screening

Submitted manuscripts are first screened by the editors office for completeness and to determine if the manuscript meets the general criteria for the journal. The editors will decide to: (a) send the manuscript out for blind review, (b) request initial revisions prior to the blind review process, or (c) reject the manuscript.

Peer Review

Each manuscript passing initial screening will be subjected to rigorous and anonymous peer-review by a minimum of 2 peer reviewers. Referees who review a manuscript remain unknown to the authors. The journal’s independent status ensures a submission acceptance rate based on merit and not favour, bias, or personal preference. All the reviewers send the editor a detailed report with their comments on the manuscript and their recommendation. Reviewers have to complete their reviews within 3-4 weeks. For papers which require revision, the editor will make sure that the quality of the revised paper is acceptable.

Licence and Permission

Under the premise of legal publishing, the corresponding author is required to grant an exclusive licence to Trend Research Publishing on behalf of all authors. If authors may use their own material in other publications, Trend Research Publishing must be informed in advance. The request for permission must be made in writing prior to reusing the material.

Once the submitted paper is accepted for publication, authors will be invited to fill in an electronic copyright transfer form . If the form hasn’t been received along with the final revised manuscript, the publication of your manuscript may be postponed.

Work submitted for publication must be original, previously unpublished, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere. If previously published materials written by others have to be used, the copyright-owner’s permission must be obtained prior to submission. The author takes the responsibility for checking whether material submitted is subject to copyright or ownership rights.

Proof Reading

Electronic proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by email . Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor clerical errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. Authors receive only one set of proofs for corrections and will be responsible for the expense of making excessive alterations of the original manuscripts during the proofreading. Proofs should be checked and returned within 3 days.

 

Article Processing Charge


In an open access model, we promise that readers don’t pay for the subscription fee to access online published articles. For authors, only some fundamental costs like editing, production and peer- review are included to maintain normal operations of our company. These Article Processing Charges(APC) are only used to support publishers to make the published articles freely available to all readers. In order to encourage the long-term scientific research, authors are eligible for various discounts on Article Processing Charges(APC).

 

Journal Policies


Copyright Policy

Authors publishing with TRPUB retain the copyright of their work under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY). This license allows others to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work, provided that the original work is properly cited. Click here to find out more about our copyright policy.

Digital Preservation

Digital Preservation is an essential part in the open access publication process. It is crucial to ensure that all online research is secured and archived for continued long-term access. TRPUB has partnered with Portico, which is one of the largest community-supported digital archives in the world to ensure that all manuscripts published in Science Publication journals are digitally preserved and archived for permanent online access.

Publication Ethics

Authors must give assurance that no part of manuscript reporting original work is being considered for publication in whole or in part elsewhere. The corresponding author must affirm that all of the other authors have read and approved of the manuscript.

Policies on the Use of Human Subjects in Research

When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with any ethical standards set by a governing committee responsible for human experimentation (ie, if applicable, a university review board) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must, in a separate document, explain the rationale for their approach, and, if presented before a review body, demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.

Studies using human subjects are required to state in the manuscript that all human subjects were provided with the approved informed consent.

When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution”s or the National Research Council”s guide for, or any national law on, the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.

 

Post-Production


Manuscript Revisions

Once the final review is completed, the author will be required to resubmit the revised manuscript using a journal template. The final Revised Manuscript will be sent via e-mail as a PDF file and should be returned within 3 days of receipt. Alterations to the text and figures (other than the essential correction of errors) are unacceptable at proof stage and authors may be charged for excessive alterations.

Retractions

If only a small part of an article reports flawed data, and especially if this is the result of genuine error, then the problem can be rectified by a correction or erratum. Retractions are also used to alert readers to cases of redundant publication (i.e. when authors present the same data in several publications), plagiarism, and failure to disclose a major competing interest likely to influence interpretations or recommendations. Notices of retraction will mention the reasons and basis for the retraction, to distinguish cases of misconduct from those of honest error; they will also specify who is retracting the article.