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Keywords = Business

  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 21-38. http://doi.org/10.31586/AgriculturalEconomics.0201.04
    11 Views 6 Downloads PDF Full-text (2.354 MB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    Dispite intensive multidiciplinary research the overall impact of the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident on Japanese agri-food sector is far from being completely evalusated. That is a concequence of the scale of triple disaster and affected agents, the effects? multiplicities, spillovers, and long time horizon, the lack
    [...] Read more.
    Dispite intensive multidiciplinary research the overall impact of the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami and Fukushima nuclear accident on Japanese agri-food sector is far from being completely evalusated. That is a concequence of the scale of triple disaster and affected agents, the effects? multiplicities, spillovers, and long time horizon, the lack of ?full? information and models of analysis, on-going challenges with post disaster recovery and reconstruction, etc. This paper presents research findings on multiple impacts of the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami on Japanases agriculture and food sector. First, disaster events and their effects is outlined; next the impacts on agri-food organizations, products, markets and consumers are evaluated; finally, specific and overall short-term and long-term impacts on agriculture, food industries and food consumption in different parts of the country is assessed. The study is based on a wide range of information from diverse organizations as well as original experts assessments of leading experts in the area. Agriculture, food industry and food consumption have been among the worst hit by the disasters areas. There is a great variation of the specific and combined impacts of disasters on different type of farming and business enterprises, particular agents, individual sub-sectors, and specific locations. Disasters have also had positive impacts on the development of certain sectors in the most affected regions and some sectors in other parts of the country as post disaster reconstruction have induced considerable policies and institutional modernization in agri-food and other sectors, food safety information and inspection, technological and product innovation, jobs creation and investment, farmlands consolidation and enhancement, infrastructural amelioration, organizational restructuring, etc. More future studies are necessary to evaluate and update the ?known? agricultural and food impacts as further in depth ?micro? studies are needed to fully understand the impacts of the disasters in each location and community, type of farms and productions, and component of agri-food chain.  Full article
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    Figure 12 of 9

    References
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    JA-ZENCHU (2011): Recovery and Reconstruction by Power of Cooperation, Central Union of Agricultural Cooperatives.
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    MAFF (2011-2014): Annual Reports on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas in Japan, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
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    Koyama R. (2013): The Influence and Damage caused by the Nuclear Disaster on Fukushima?s Agriculture, Nuclear Disaster on Fukushima?s Agriculture, ???? ?81 ??4 (in Japanese).
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    MHLW (2014): Levels of Radioactive Contaminants in Foods Tested in Respective Prefectures, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, December 5, 2014 report.
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    Nakanishi T. and K.Tanoi (editors) (2013): Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, Springer.
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    Watanabe A. (2011): Agricultural Impact of the Nuclear Accidents in Fukushima: The Case of Ibaraki Prefecture, in Disaster, Infrastructure and Society Learning from the 2011 Earthquake in Japan (1), 291-298.
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    Watanabe N. (2013): Current State of Losses from the Nuclear Accident and Support Measures by JA-Af?liated Organizations:, Norinchikin Research Institute.
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    Bachev H. and F.Ito (2013): Impacts of Fukushima Nuclear Disaster on Japanese Agriculture and Food Chains, P. Gorawala and S.i Mandhatri (editors), Agricultural Research Updates, Vol. 6, 1-75, New York: Nova Science Publisher, 1-76.
    [9]
    Bachev H. and F.Ito (2014): Implications of Fukushima Nuclear Disaster for Japanese Agri-food Chains, International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, Vol.2, No1, 95-120.
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    NISA (2011): Seismic Damage Information, the 110th Release, 23 April, Nuclear and Industrial Safely Agency of Japan.
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    Reconstruction Agency (2014): Efforts and the current state of reconstruction, 26 August 2014 (in Japanese)
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    National Police Agency (2014): Information on damages and victims of 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.
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    Fujita M., H. Nobuaki, J. Sagara, B. Adam (2012): The economics of disaster risk, risk management, and risk financing. Economic Impacts, Knowledge Note 6-3, IBRD-World Bank.
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    Nira (2013): Status of Recovery and Current Problems in Three Disaster-hit Prefectures What the Data Tells Us Indexes for Recovery and Reconstruction following the Great East Japan Earthquake, National Institute for Research Advancement.
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    Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (2012-2014): Business resumption status of agricultural management entities in disaster prefectures, February 1, 2014 (in Japanese).
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    City of Sendai (2014): Fresh breeze of Change in Agriculture Starts Here, City of Sendai, March 2014.
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    Japan Finance Corporation (2011-2013): Findings of the impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake has given to farm management, August 2011 survey (in Japanese)
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    Futahira, S. (2013): Nuclear power plant accident and recovery of fishery, presentation at the JA Conference in Fukushima, May 18, 2013.
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    Japan Finance Corporation (2011-2014): Consumer Survey results on changes in purchasing behavior of consumers after Earthquake, July 2011 survey (in Japanese)
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    Japan Finance Corporation (2011-2013): Findings on the impact of the earthquake on food industry, July 2011 survey (in Japanese).
  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(1), 46-49. http://doi.org/10.31586/InformationProcesses.0201.06
    11 Views 6 Downloads PDF Full-text (683.389 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    . To identify the problems with thyroid gland, an algorithm based on blood test results is developed. This algorithm is implemented in a web based application with client-server architecture. Three-tier architecture is used to realize the user interface, business logic and computer data storage and data access. Using the document
    [...] Read more.
    . To identify the problems with thyroid gland, an algorithm based on blood test results is developed. This algorithm is implemented in a web based application with client-server architecture. Three-tier architecture is used to realize the user interface, business logic and computer data storage and data access. Using the document object model of the HTML and JavaScript make it is possible to create user interaction with the application. Interaction between JavaScript, HTML and CSS allows loading pages faster. The described web application to identify the thyroid disease has been tested in different browsers and on different operating systems and showed no errors in its work. The developed web application can be used as a standalone application or be incorporated into other specialized Internet resources in the subject area.  Full article
    Figures

    Figure 1 of 5

    References
    [1]
    Gaitonde, D. Y., Rowley,K. D. and Sweeney, L. B. (2012). Hypothyroidism: An Update. American Family Physician, vol. 86, 244-251.
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    Spencer, C. A. (1988). Clinical utility and cost-effectiveness of sensitive thyrotropin assays in ambulatory and hospitalized patients. ? In: Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 63, 1214-1222.
    [3]
    Surks, M. I., Ortiz, E., Daniels, G. H., et al. (2004). Subclinical thyroid disease: scientific review and guidelines for diagnosis and management. JAMA, vol. 291, 228-238.
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    Rastogi, M. V., and LaFranchi, S. H. (2010). Congenital hypothyroidism. ? Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, vol. 5, DOI: 10.1186/1750-1172-5-17.
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    Paes, J. E., Burman, K. D., Cohen, J., Franklyn, J., McHenry, C. R., Shoham, S. and Kloos, R. T. (2010). Acute bacterial suppurative thyroiditis: a clinical review and expert opinion. Thyroid, vol. 20, 247-55.
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    Schneider, D. F. and Chen, H. (2013). New Developments in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Thyroid Cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, vol. 63, DOI: 10.3322/caac.21195.
    [7]
    Shelly, G. and Rosenblatt, H. J. (2011). Systems Analysis and Design.
    [8]
    Ying, M. and Miller, J. (2013). Refactoring legacy AJAX applications to improve the efficiency of the data exchange component. Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 86, no 1, 72-88.
    [9]
    Hertel, M. (2007). Aspects of AJAX,
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