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Keywords = cholesterol

  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(4), 126-133. http://doi.org/10.31586/CardiovascularDisease.0204.03
    2 Views 17 Downloads 1 Citations PDF Full-text (882.186 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of further morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes patients. This study aimed to find the serum lipid profile, serum uric acid levels, other CVD risk factors, and how these factors are affected by diabetes duration in adults with type 2 diabetes. The
    [...] Read more.
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of further morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes patients. This study aimed to find the serum lipid profile, serum uric acid levels, other CVD risk factors, and how these factors are affected by diabetes duration in adults with type 2 diabetes. The cross- sectional study, involving 100 subjects, was carried out at the Diabetes Centre, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. Adult type 2 diabetes patients, 20 years or older, were recruited for the study. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Panel III and American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines were used to find the metabolic status of the patients. Of the 100 patients, 74% and 62% had high systolic blood pressure and abdominal obesity, respectively. Also, high LDL-cholesterol and hypercholesterolaemia were found in 47% and 46% of the patients, respectively. Forty-six percent (46%) of the patients were hyperuricaemic. Cardiovascular disease risk increased with age from 20 to 79 years. The female diabetics had more adverse CVD risk profile than the male diabetics (high LDL, 55% vs. 23.1%; high total cholesterol, 54.1% vs. 23.1%; high triglycerides, 32.4% vs. 30.8%; low HDL, 25.7% vs. 3.8%). Fifty percent (50%) of females compared to 34.6% of males were hyperuricaemic. However, hypertension was more prevalent among males (systolic blood pressure, 76.9%; diastolic blood pressure, 38.5%) than among females (systolic blood pressure, 73%; diastolic blood pressure, 37.8%). In conclusion, the prevalence of hyperuricaemia and other cardiometabolic risks was high among type 2 diabetes patients.  Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 133-137. http://doi.org/10.31586/Psychiatry.0303.05
    82 Views 19 Downloads PDF Full-text (686.826 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    Objective: Suicide is the most common cause of premature death of schizophrenia. This study investigated the relationship between cholesterol levels and suicidal behaviour in chronic psychosis. Methods: The study group consisted of 109 schizophrenia, schizoaffective and other non affectice psychosis defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th
    [...] Read more.
    Objective: Suicide is the most common cause of premature death of schizophrenia. This study investigated the relationship between cholesterol levels and suicidal behaviour in chronic psychosis. Methods: The study group consisted of 109 schizophrenia, schizoaffective and other non affectice psychosis defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) criteria. Lifetime suicide attempts of patients were retrospectively screened. The patients were divided into two groups with and without suicide. Serum cholesterol levels were compared between two groups. Results: The mean total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and LDL levels were 163.8 mg/dl,150.8 mg/dl,40.8 mg/dl and 132.4 mg/dl, respectively in the study group while they were 197.1 mg/dl, 194 mg/dl, 44.9 mg/dl and 124.2 mg/dl, respectively in the control group. Total cholesterol levels were significantly lower than patients with suicidal attempts compared with the patients with no suicidal attemps (p=0,03). No association was found between suicidal attempt and HDL cholesterol (p=0,24), triglyceride (p=0,193), and LDL(p=0,45). Conclusion: This result supports the hypothesis of association low plasma cholesterol levels and suicidal behavior in psychosis  Full article
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