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Keywords = Lipid profile

  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2015, 2(4), 126-133. http://doi.org/10.31586/CardiovascularDisease.0204.03
    3 Views 31 Downloads 1 Citations PDF Full-text (882.186 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of further morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes patients. This study aimed to find the serum lipid profile, serum uric acid levels, other CVD risk factors, and how these factors are affected by diabetes duration in adults with type 2 diabetes. The
    [...] Read more.
    Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of further morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes patients. This study aimed to find the serum lipid profile, serum uric acid levels, other CVD risk factors, and how these factors are affected by diabetes duration in adults with type 2 diabetes. The cross- sectional study, involving 100 subjects, was carried out at the Diabetes Centre, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH), Kumasi, Ghana. Adult type 2 diabetes patients, 20 years or older, were recruited for the study. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Adult Panel III and American Diabetes Association (ADA) guidelines were used to find the metabolic status of the patients. Of the 100 patients, 74% and 62% had high systolic blood pressure and abdominal obesity, respectively. Also, high LDL-cholesterol and hypercholesterolaemia were found in 47% and 46% of the patients, respectively. Forty-six percent (46%) of the patients were hyperuricaemic. Cardiovascular disease risk increased with age from 20 to 79 years. The female diabetics had more adverse CVD risk profile than the male diabetics (high LDL, 55% vs. 23.1%; high total cholesterol, 54.1% vs. 23.1%; high triglycerides, 32.4% vs. 30.8%; low HDL, 25.7% vs. 3.8%). Fifty percent (50%) of females compared to 34.6% of males were hyperuricaemic. However, hypertension was more prevalent among males (systolic blood pressure, 76.9%; diastolic blood pressure, 38.5%) than among females (systolic blood pressure, 73%; diastolic blood pressure, 37.8%). In conclusion, the prevalence of hyperuricaemia and other cardiometabolic risks was high among type 2 diabetes patients.  Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 21-28. http://doi.org/10.31586/Cardiology.0401.04
    58 Views 40 Downloads PDF Full-text (793.318 KB) PDF Full-text (794.026 KB) PDF Full-text (793.965 KB)  HTML Full-text
    Abstract
    At present, cardiovascular diseases are global health problems responsible for 17.3 million deaths per year and adding extra burden in developing countries like Nepal. Studies show that serum uric acid (SUA) can result in endothelial dysfunction which can lead to vascular disease like stroke. In this study, we determined serum
    [...] Read more.
    At present, cardiovascular diseases are global health problems responsible for 17.3 million deaths per year and adding extra burden in developing countries like Nepal. Studies show that serum uric acid (SUA) can result in endothelial dysfunction which can lead to vascular disease like stroke. In this study, we determined serum uric acid levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and assess its risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted in 82 patients with ACS who fulfilled the inclusion criteria included in the study and their serum uric acid level were investigated. It was found that 51 (62.2%) were males and 31 (37.8%) were females. Mean age in study population was 60.26 ± 11.34 years. Majority of the population belongs to 56-65 years age group. The mean uric acid level of our study population was 6.03 ± 1.50 mg/dl (male = 5.92 ± 1.72, female = 6.64 ± 1.53). SUA ≥ 7 mg/dl was maximum in 56-65 years age group and there was no association between age and SUA (P value = 0.146). Over half of the study population were hypertensive i.e. 42 (51.21%) and smoker i.e. 43 (52.43%). It showed association between SUA and ACS (P value = 0.003). Among those having diabetes, maximum have SUA ≥ 7 mg/dl i.e. 17 (47.22%). Among those having high cholesterol level, male have higher incidence than female with no association between T. Cholesterol and gender (P value = 0.49). The mean value of T. Cholesterol was 189.83 ± 46.81 mg/dl (male = 198.78 ± 55.19 mg/dl, female = 202.30 ± 54.92 mg/dl) with (P value = 0.52). In conclusion, the mean age of ACS patients was 60.26 years, with the peak incidence at the age of 56-65 years. The ACS had male predominance. The potential risk factors of ACS were: Age >56 years (65.83%), male sex (62.2%), dyslipidemia (35.36%, hypertension (51.2%), diabetes mellitus (43.9%), smoking (52.4%) and alcohol consumption (39%). Among these SUA significantly associated with risk factors were- Sex, Diabetes Mellitus, T. Cholesterol. There was association between serum uric acid level and ACS patients. Hypertension and smoking constitutes one of the major risk factor for ACS in study population.  Full article
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