The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element
The use of finite element models as research tools in biomechanics and orthopedics grew exponentially over the last two decades. However, the attention to mesh quality, model validation and appropriate energy balance methods and the reporting of these metrics has not kept pace with the general use of finite element modeling. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to develop the nonlinear filter and thermal buckling of an FGM panel under the combined effect of elevated temperature conditions and aerodynamic loading is investigated using a finite element model based on the thin plate theory and von Karman strain-displacement relations to account for moderately large deflection. It is found that the temperature increase has an adverse effect on the FGM panel flutter characteristics through decreasing the critical dynamic pressure. Decreasing the volume fraction enhances flutter characteristics, but this is limited by the structural integrity aspect. Structural finite element analysis has been employed to determine the FGM panel's adaptive response while under the influence of a uniaxial compressive load in excess of its critical buckling value. By increasing the applications of using composite materials inside aviation stages, it is visualized that the versatile FGM plate setup will broaden the operational execution over traditional materials and structures, especially when the structure is presented to a raised temperature. The vicinity of air motion facilitating stream brings about delaying the locking temperature and in stifling under loads, while the temperature build gives route for higher thermal-cycle abundance. Full article
Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., & Lee, K. S. (2009). Supersonic flutter of functionally grated panels subject to acoustic and thermal loads. Journal of Aircraft, 46 (2), 593-600.
Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., & Lee, K. S. (2009). Aero-thermo- mechanical characteristics of imperfect shape memory alloy hybrid composite panels. JournalofSoundandVibration, 325 (3), 583-596.
Ibrahim, H. H., Yoo, H. H., Tawfik, M., & Lee, K. S. (2010). Thermo-acoustic random response of temperature-dependent functionally graded material panels. Computational Mechanics, 46(3), 377-386.
Ibrahim, H. H., & Tawfik, M. (2010). Limit-cycle oscillations of functionally graded material plates subject to aerodynamic and thermal loads. Journal of Vibration and Control, 16(14), 2147-2166.
Yu, J. S., & Jung, Y. C. (2013). Paper: Micromechanics Modeling of Functionally Graded Materials Containing Multiple Heterogeneities. ????????? (????), 26(6), 392-397.
Yaghmaei, M., & Naei, M. H. (2008). Large deflection behavior of simply supported FG Circular plates under mechanical and thermal loadings via FSDT meshless method. Proceedings of the 3rd IASME/WSEAS International concerence on continuum mechanics. Chicago
Allah, M.A.A.A., Ward, S.A.E.S. & Youssef, A.A. (2013). Effect of Functionally Graded Material of Disc Spacer with Presence of Multi-Contaminating Particles on Electric Field inside Gas Insulated Bus Duct. International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), 3(6), p. 831-848.
Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). Exact solution for thermal buckling of functionally graded plates resting on elastic foundations with various boundary conditions. Journal of Thermal Stresses, 36(9), 869-894.
Tingjun, Y. & Linna, Z. (2013). Finite Element Model of Shape Memory Alloy Incorporating Drucker-Prager Model. TELKOMNIKA Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering, 11(7), 3915-3 921.
Asemi, K., Salehi, M., & Akhlaghi, M. (2014). Post-buckling analysis of FGM annular sector plates based on three dimensional elasticity graded finite elements. International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics, 67, 164-177.
Belinha, J., & Dinis, L. M. J. S. (2006). Analysis of plates and laminates using the element-free Galerkin method. Computers & structures, 84(22), 1547-1559.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013) An Experimental Investigation of the Effects of Stacking Sequence on Hybrid Composite Materials Response to Open-Hole Compression Strength. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(2), 1-6.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013) The Effects of Stacking Sequence Layers of Hybrid Composite Materials in Energy Absorption under the High Velocity Ballistic Impact Conditions: An Experimental Investigation. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(2), 30-37.
Karamizadeh, Sasan, Shahidan M. Abdullah, Mehran Halimi, Jafar Shayan, and Mohammad javad Rajabi. "Advantage and Drawback of Support Vector Machine Functionality."
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., & Vaghei, R. (2013) Effects of Stacking Sequence on Compression Response Testing of Carbon Fibre and Hybrids: Fibrous-Glass/Carbon/Kevlar/ Epoxy Composite Plates. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(1), 13-17.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2013). The effects of stacking sequence layers of six layers composite materials in ballistic energy absorption. International Journal of Material Science Innovations, 1(6), 293-305.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Majid, D. L., Jalil, N. A. A., Vaghei, R., & Ahmadi, R. (2014). Experimental Study of the Influence of Stacking Order of the Fibrous Layers on Laminated Hybrid Composite Plates Subjected to Compression Loading. Journal of Science and Engineering, 4(1), 01-08.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., Abdul Jalil, N. A., & Abang Abdul Majid, D. L. (2014). Hybrid Composite Laminates Reinforced with Kevlar/Carbon/Glass Woven Fabrics for Ballistic Impact Testing. The Scientific World Journal, doi:10.1155/2014/413753.
Duc, N. D., & Cong, P. H. (2013). Nonlinear postbuckling of symmetric S-FGM plates resting on elastic foundations using higher order shear deformation plate theory in thermal environments. Composite Structures, 100, 566-574.
Shen, H. S. (2013). Thermal postbuckling of shear deformable FGM cylindrical shells surrounded by an elastic medium. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 139(8), 979-991.
Kiani, Y., & Eslami, M. R. (2014). Thermal Post-buckling of Imperfect Circular FGM Plates: Examination of Voigt, Mori- Tanaka and Self-Consistent Schemes. Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology.
Shen, H.-S., & Wang, Z.-X. (2010). Nonlinear bending of FGM plates subjected to combined loading and resting on elastic foundations. Composite Structures, 92(10), 2517-2524.
Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). Post-buckling and nonlinear free vibration analysis of geometrically imperfect functionally graded beams resting on nonlinear elastic foundation. Applied Mathematical Modelling, 37(18), 8324-8340.
Karamizadeh, S., Abdullah, S. M., Zamani, M., & Kherikhah, A. (2015). Pattern Recognition Techniques: Studies on Appropriate Classifications. In AdvancedComputerand CommunicationEngineeringTechnology(pp. 791-799). Springer International Publishing.
Yaghoobi, H., & Torabi, M. (2013). An analytical approach to large amplitude vibration and post-buckling of functionally graded beams rest on non-linear elastic foundation. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 51(1), 39-52.
Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Accurate solution for acceleration motion of a vertically falling spherical particle in incompressible Newtonian media. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 91(2), 376-381.
Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., & Boubaker, K. (2013). Accurate solution for motion of a spherical solid particle in plane Couette Newtonian fluid mechanical flow using HPM?Pad? approximant and the Boubaker polynomials expansion scheme BPES. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 58(1), 224-228.
Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., Colantoni, A., Biondi, P., & Boubaker, K. (2013). Analysis of Radiative Radial Fin with Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity Using Nonlinear Differential Transformation Methods. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2013.
Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Heat Transfer Analysis from Rotating Porous Plate with Temperature-Dependent Thermal Conductivity. ISI BILIMI VE TEKNIGI DERGISI- JOURNAL OF THERMAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 33(2), 75-82.
Karamizadeh, Sasan, Shahidan M. Abdullah, and Mazdak Zamani. "An Overview of Holistic Face Recognition." IJRCCT 2, no. 9 (2013): 738-741.
Yaghoobi, H., & Fereidoon, A. (2014). Mechanical and thermal buckling analysis of functionally graded plates resting on elastic foundations: An assessment of a simple refined nth- order shear deformation theory. Composites Part B: Engineering, 62, 54-64.
Torabi, M., & Yaghoobi, H. (2013). Series Solution for Convective-Radiative Porous Fin Using Differential Transformation Method. Journal of Porous Media, 16(4).
Torabi, M., Yaghoobi, H., & Kiani, M. R. (2013). Thermal analysis of the convective-radiative fin with a step change in thickness and temperature dependent thermal conductivity. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 51(3), 593-602.
Vaghei, R., Hejazi, F., Taheri, H., Jaafar, M. S., & Ali, A. A. A. (2014), Evaluate Performance of Precast Concrete Wall to Wall Connection. APCBEE Procedia, 9, 285-290.
Karamizadeh, S., Abdullah, S. M., Manaf, A. A., Zamani, M., & Hooman, A. (2013). An Overview of Principal Component Analysis. JournalofSignalandInformationProcessing, 4, 173.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., & Vaghei, R. (2014). Computing Simulation of Post-buckling in Functionally Graded Materials-A Review. TELKOMNIKAIndonesianJournalofElectrical Engineering, 12(12).
Mukhomorov, V. K. (2014). Bioactivity - Structure. Interrelation of Electronic andInformation Factors of Biologically Activity of Chemical Compounds. TrendsJournal ofSciencesResearch, 1(1), 38-48.
Zahari, R., Azmee, A. H., Mustapha, F., Salit, M. S., Varatharajoo, R., & Shakrine, A. (2008). Prediction of progressive failure in woven glass/epoxy composite laminated panels. Jurnal mekanikal, 25, 80-91.
Rasid, Z. A., Zahari, R., & Ayob, A. (2014). The Instability Improvement of the Symmetric Angle-Ply and Cross-Ply Composite Plates with Shape Memory Alloy Using Finite Element Method. Advances inMechanicalEngineering, 2014.
Sultan, M. T. H., Basri, S., Rafie, A. S. M., Yidris, N., Mustapha, F., Zahari, R., & Ajir, M. R. (2014, July). Impact Damage Analysis for Glass Reinforced Epoxy Laminated Plates Using Single Stage Gas Gun. In AppliedMechanicsand Materials(Vol. 564, pp. 382-387).
Hassab, M. P., Mahmud, A. S., Rafie, A. M., & Zahari, R. (2014, July). Alternative Numerical Validation Methodology for Short-Term Development Projects. In AppliedMechanics andMaterials(Vol. 564, pp. 638-643).
Rasid, Z. A. (2015, January). The Natural Frequency of the Shape Memory Alloy Anti-Symmetric Angle-Ply Composite Plates Using Finite Element Method. In Applied Mechanics and Materials(Vol. 695, pp. 52-55).
Haery, H. A., Kim, H. S., Zahari, R., & Amini, E. (2013).Tensile strength of notched carbon/glass/epoxy hybrid composite laminates before and after fatigue loading. JournalofIndustrial Textiles, 1528083713487757.
Mukhomorov, V. K., & Anikina, L. M. (2014). Evolutionary Dynamics of Intercoupling of the Chemical Elements in Plants and Primary Soil-Forming Processes. TrendsJournalof SciencesResearch, 1(1), 1-11.
Randjbaran, E., Zahari, R., & Vaghei, R. (2014) Scanning Electron Microscopy Interpretation In Carbon Nanotubes Composite Materials After Postbuckling - Review Paper. MATRIX Academic International Online Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2(2), 1-6.
Rasid, Z. A. (2015). The Natural Frequency of the Shape Memory Alloy Anti-Symmetric Angle-Ply Composite Plates Using Finite Element Method. In AppliedMechanicsand Materials(Vol. 695, pp. 52-55).
Nazari, A., Maghsoudpour, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Flexuralstrengthofplainandfibre-reinforced boroaluminosilicate geopolymer. ConstructionandBuilding Materials, 76, 207-213.
Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Compressive strength of functionally graded geopolymers: Role of position of layers. ConstructionandBuildingMaterials, 75, 31-34.
Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Hybrid effects of alumina and silica nanoparticles on water absorption of geopolymers: Application of Taguchi approach. Measurement, 60, 240-246.
Nazari, A., Maghsoudpour, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2015). Flexuralstrengthofplainandfibre-reinforced boroaluminosilicate geopolymer. ConstructionandBuilding Materials, 76, 207-213.
Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Modeling of Compressive Strength of Geopolymers by a Hybrid ANFIS-ICA Approach. JournalofMaterials inCivilEngineering.
Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Modelling of fracture strength of functionally graded geopolymer. Constructionand BuildingMaterials, 58, 38-45.
Nazari, A., & Sanjayan, J. G. (2014). Developing of non-linear weight functions for mix design optimization of cementitious systems. Measurement, 57, 154-166.
Trust Management is one of the most challenging issues in the emerging Web Engineering and Internet Technologies. Over the past few years, many studies have been proposed different techniques to address trust management issues. However, despite these past efforts, several trust management issues such as privacy, security, accessibility, integrity and
Trust Management is one of the most challenging issues in the emerging Web Engineering and Internet Technologies. Over the past few years, many studies have been proposed different techniques to address trust management issues. However, despite these past efforts, several trust management issues such as privacy, security, accessibility, integrity and scalability have been mostly ignored and need to be proposed in Web Engineering technologies. Web services provide many opportunities for enterprises to built trustworthiness. In India the growing economic infrastructure with lightening speeds towards the adoption and successful implementation of e-governance. Establishing trust in e-governance services is quite important as now government has many services for common man at their door step and more services are in future. But the common man has to know about it and have used frequently for their daily requirements. This paper is emphasized to trust on the web services and what steps should be adopted for better service. Full article
S. Patnaik ?Trust Management in E-Governance Services?, 2nd National Conference on Advanced Computing Techniques & Applications-2014, pp. 54 ? 58.
R.J. Manoj and A. Chandrasekar ?A Literature Review on Trust Management in Web Service Access Control?, International Journal on Web Service Computing (IJWSC), Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep 2013.
H. Limam and J. Akaichi ?Managing Web service Communities: A Cache for Queries Optimization?, International Journal on Web Service Computing (IJWSC), Vol. 1, No. 1, Sep 2010.
Z. Malik and A. Bouguettaya ?RATEWeb: Reputation Assessment for Trust Establishment among Web Services?, The VLDB Journal (2009) 18:885-911.
Thompson S.H. Teo, Shirish C. Srivastava and Li Jiang ?Trust and Electronic Government Success: An empirical Study? Journal of Management Information Systems/Winter 2008-9, Vol. 25, No. 3. Pp. 99-131.
W. Zhao and V. Varadharajan ?Trust Management for Web Services? IEEE 2008 Int. Conference on Web Services.
Y.L. Sun, Z. Han, W.Yu and K.J.R. Liu ?A Trust Evaluation Framework in Distributed Networks Vulnerability Analysis and Defense Attack? IEEE INFOCOM, pp 1 ? 3, 2006.
G.U. Lize, W. Jingpei and S. Bin ?Trust Management Mechanism for Internet of Things? China Communication 2014, pp 148 ? 156.
D. Lekkas ?Establishing and Management Trust within the Public key Infrastructure?, Computer Communications 26(16) (2003).
Syed F.H. Zaidi, F. Marir and S.Siva ?Accessing e-Government Service & Trust: Government to Citizen? ICDS 2013: The Seventh International Conference on digital Soecity.
S.K. Prajapati, S. changder and A. Sarkar ?Trust Management Model for Cloud Computing Environment? Proceedings of ICCCAN ? 2013.
V.A. Zeithaml, A. Parasuraman and A. Malhotra ?Service Quality Delivery Through Web Sites: A Critical Review of extant knowledge? Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science Vol. 30, No.40, pages 358-371.
A. Agraval, P. Shah and V. Wadhwa ?EGOSQ ? Users? Assessment of e-Governance Online-Services: A Quality Measurement Instrumentation? CSI Publications.
J. Sun, Z. Sun, Y. Li and S. Zaho ?A Strategic Model of Trust Management in Web Services? SciVerse Science Direct Physics Procedia 24 (2012) 1560 ? 1566.
W. Zhao and V. Varadharajan ?Trust Management for Web Services? IEEE 2008 Int. Conference on Web services.
S. Patnaik and A.K. Misro ?Different Test Cases for e-Governance using Web Services? ICDCIT-2011, International Journal of Computer & Communication Technology (IJCCT), Vol. 2, Issue 5, pp. 30 ? 34, ISSN: 0975 ? 7449.
S. Patnaik, R.K. Das and A.K. Misro ?Adoption of Clod Computing in e-Governance? CCSIT ? 2011, Springer ? Communications in Computer & Information Science (CCIS) 133, Part III, 2011, pp. 161 ? 172, ISSN: 1865 ? 0929, ISBN: 978-3-642-17880-1.
The sanctuaries of Demeter and Asklepios are part of the Dion archaeological site that sits among the eastern foothills of Mount Olympus. The main building materials are limestones and conglomerates. Sandstones, marbles, and ceramic plinths were also used. The materials consist mainly of calcite and/or dolomite, whereas the deteriorated surfaces
The sanctuaries of Demeter and Asklepios are part of the Dion archaeological site that sits among the eastern foothills of Mount Olympus. The main building materials are limestones and conglomerates. Sandstones, marbles, and ceramic plinths were also used. The materials consist mainly of calcite and/or dolomite, whereas the deteriorated surfaces contain also secondary and recrystallized calcite and dolomite, gypsum, various inorganic compounds, fluoroapatite, microorganisms and other organic compounds. Cracks and holes were observed in various parts of the stones. The influence of specific weathering agents and factors to the behavior of the materials was examined. The particular environmental conditions in Dion combine increased moisture and rain fall, insolation and great temperature differences, abundance of intensive surface and underground water bodies in the surrounding area, an area full of plants and trees, therefore, they can cause extensive chemical, biological and mechanical decay of the monuments. The following physical characteristics of the building materials have been studied: bulk density, open porosity, pore size distribution, water absorption and desorption, capillary absorption and desorption. The chemical composition of bulk precipitation, surface and underground water was investigated. The salts presence and crystallization was examined. The influence of the water presence to the behavior of the materials was examined by in situ IR thermometer measurements. Temperature values increased from the lower to the upper parts of the building stones and they significantly depend on the orientation of the walls. The results indicate the existence of water in the bulk of the materials due to capillary penetration. The existence of water in the bulk of the materials due to capillary penetration, the cycles of wet-dry conditions, correlated with the intensive surface and underground water presence in the whole surrounding area, lead to partial dissolution-recrystallization of the carbonate material and loss of the structural cohesion and the surface stability. Full article
Young, D., (2008) ?Salt attack and rising damp, Technical Guide? Melbourne, Australia
Price, C.A., (1996) ?Stone conservation: an overview of current research? Getty Conservation Institute, Santa Monica, CA, xiii, 73 pp.
Winkler, EM., (1997) ?Stone in architecture: properties, durability? Springer-Verlag, Berlin; New York, xvi, 313 pp.
Lan, T.T.N., Nishimura, R., Tsujino, Y., Satoh, Y., Thoa, N.T.P., Yokoi, M., Maeda, Y., (2005) ?The effects of air pollution and climatic factors on atmospheric corrosion of marble under field exposure? Corrosion Science, 47, 1023?1038.
Skoulikidis, T., (2000) ?Corrosion and conservation of the building materials of the monuments? University Editions of Creta
Moreno, F., Vilela, S.A.G, Antunes, A.S.G., Alves, C.A.S., (2006) ?Capillary-rising salt pollution and granitic stone erosive decay in the parish church of Torre de Moncorvo (NE Portugal)-implications for conservation strategy? Journal of Cultural Heritage, 7, 56?66.
Camuffo, D., Del Monte, M., Sabbioni, C., Vittori, O., (1982) ?Wetting deterioration and visual features of stone surfaces in an urban area? Atmospheric Environment 16-9, 2253-2259.
Camuffo, D., Del Monte, M., Sabbioni, C., (1983) ?Origin and growth mechanisms of the sulfated crusts on urban limestone? Water, Air and Soil Pollution 19, 351-359.
Del Monte, M., Sabbioni, C., Ventura, A., Zappia, G., (1984) ?Crystal growth from carbonaceous particulates? The Science of the Total Environment 36, 247-254.
Rodriguez-Navarro, C., Sebastian, E., (1996) ?Role of particulate matter from vehicle exhaust on porous stones (limestone) sulfation? The Science of the Total Environment 187, 79-91.
Keatings, K., Tassie, G.J., Flower, R.J., Hassan, F.A., Hamdan, M.A.R., Hughes, M., Arrowsmith, C., (2007) ?An Examination of Groundwater Within the Hawara Pyramid, Egypt? Geoarchaeology: An International Journal, 22, 5, 533?554.
Simao, J., Ruiz-Agudob, E., Rodriguez-Navarro, C., (2006) ?Effects of particulate matter from gasoline and diesel vehicle exhaust emissions on silicate stones sulfation? Atmospheric Environment, 40, 6905?6917.
Sharma, P.K., Khandelwal, M., Singh, T.N., (2007) ?Variation on physico-mechanical properties of Kota stone under different watery environments? Building and Environment, 42, 4117?4123.
Moropoulou, A., Avdelidis, N.P., Koui, M., Kanellopoulos, N.K., (2000) ?Dual band infrared thermography as a NDT tool for the characterization of the building materials and conservation performance in historic structures. In: T. MATIKAS, N. MEYENDORF, G. BAAKLINI, R. GILMORE ed. Nondestructive Methods for Materials Characterization, Publ. Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 591, 169-174.
Moropoulou, A., Delegou, E.T., Avdelidis, N.P., (2002) ?NDT planning methodology of conservation interventions on historic buildings?, In: R.V. GRIEKEN, K. JANSSENS, L. VAN`T DACK, G. MEERSMAN, ed. 7th International Conference on Non-destructive Testing and Microanalysis for the Diagnostics and Conservation of the Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Book of Proceedings.
Christaras, B., (1998) ?Natural building stones. Technical characteristics ? Non destructive methods of study. Notes for the post- graduate courses of ?Monument protection?, NTUA ? Dept. of Chemical Engineering.
Papanikolaou, E., Spathis, P., Christaras, B., Melfos, V., Pingiatoglou, S., (2010) ?Preliminary Observations on the Buinding Materials and the Deterioration Problems of the Monuments of Demeter and Asklepios Sanctuaries in the Arghaeological Site of Dion? 8th International Symposium on the Conservation of Monuments in the Mediterranean Basin, 31 May-2 June 2010 Patras, Greece.
Papanikolaou, E., Spathis, P., Melfos, V., Christaras, B., Pavlidou, E., (2011) ?Characterization and Properties of the Building Materials for the Determination of Weathering of Sanctuaries in the Archaeological Site of Dion, Greece? Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures, SWBSS 2011, Limassol, Cyprus, 19-22 October 2011.
Papanikolaou E., Spathis P., Christaras B., Melfos V, Katsiotis N.(2012): ?Application of Infrared Thermometry and Ultrasonic Velocity for the Investigation of the Building Materials of Historic Monuments of Dion, Greece?, SPIE Smart Structures/NDE Symposium, San Diego, California, USA, 11-15 March, 2012, "Smart Sensor Phenomena, Technology, Networks, and Systems Integration V" Conference (SSN08), "Cultural Heritage and Non Destructive Testing" Session.
Papanikolaou E., Spathis P., Samara C., Melfos V., Christaras B., Sawidis T.. (2012): Effect of environmental factors to the deterioration of stones monuments in the Archaeological Site of Dion. ?Protection and Restoration of the Environment XI? conference. Thessaloniki, Greece, 3- 6 July 2012.
ICCROM ARC, Borrelli, E., Urland, A., (1999) ?Laboratory Handbook? Rome, Italy.
Avdelidis, N.P., Moropoulou, A., Theoulakis, P., (2003) ?Detection of water deposits and movement in porous materials by infrared imaging?, Infrared Physics & Technology, 44, 183-190.
Avdelidis, N.P., Moropoulou, A., (2004) ?Applications of infrared thermography for the investigation of historic structures?, Journal of Cultural Heritage, 5, 119?127.
Kouimtzis, Th., Samara, C., Voutsa, D., Zachariadis, G., (1994) ?Evaluation of Chemical Parameters in Aliakmon River/Northern Greece. Part I: Quality Characteristics and Nutrients? J. Environ. Sci. Health, A29(10), 2115-2126.
Voutsa, D., Manoli, E., Samara, C., Sofoniou, M., and Stratis, I., (2001) ?A study of surface water quality in Macedonia, Greece: Speciation of nitrogen and phosphorus? Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 129: 13-32.
Samara, C., Tsitouridou, R., Balafoutis, Ch., (1992) ?Chemical composition of rain in Thessaloniki, Greece in relation to meteorological conditions? Atmospheric Environment 26B (3), 359-367.
Samara, C. and Tsitouridou, R., (2000) ?Fine and coarse ionic aerosol components in relation to wet and dry deposition? Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 120, 71-88.
Signalized intersections are essential elements of road transport in cities, thus providing condition in which these key elements have optimal performance in different traffic conditions has always been a concern for traffic engineers. Normally, Average vehicle control delay (delay due to the presence of traffic lights) is used as performance
Signalized intersections are essential elements of road transport in cities, thus providing condition in which these key elements have optimal performance in different traffic conditions has always been a concern for traffic engineers. Normally, Average vehicle control delay (delay due to the presence of traffic lights) is used as performance indicators on signalized intersections that is estimated using a lot of equations, including the Webster, Green Shields and the equation described in the book "Highway Capacity Manual". But in these equations no place is include for the distribution of vehicles on the routes leading to the signalized intersections. Ignoring this issue could lead to a false estimate of the average amount of delay on the signalized intersections because of the type of their entrance resulting in inefficient operation of the intersection. Using Expectation Method, this paper proposes a better estimate of the amount of delay on the vehicles in signalized intersections, depending on frequency of entrance to the intersection. In the end it will be found out that different frequency distribution of vehicles at nearside legs of intersection lead to different delay estimates of vehicles. Full article
Iraj Bargegol, Vahid Najafi Moghaddam Gilani, Sadra Farghedayn. (2014), Analysis of The Effect of Vehicles Conflict on Pedestrian?s Crossing Speed In Signalized and Un-Signalized Intersection, Advances in Environmental Biology, 8(21), pp.: 502- 509.
Allsop, Richard E. (1972), Delay at a Fixed Time Traffic Signal-I: Theoretical Analysis, Transportation Science Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 260-285.
Webster, F. V. (1958), Traffic Signal Settings, Road Research Technical Paper No. 39, Road Research Laboratory, Her Majesty?s Stationery Office, Berkshire, England.
Miller, A. J. (1968), Australian Road Capacity Guide Provisional Introduction and Signalized Intersections, Australian Road Research Board, Bulletin No. 4.
Newell, G.F. (1956), Statistical Analysis of the Flow of Highway Traffic through a Signalized Intersection, Quarterly of Applied Mathematics Vol. XIII, No. 4, pp. 353-368.
Hutchinson, T.P. (1972), Delay at a Fixed Time Traffic Signal-II, Numerical Comparisons of Some Theoretical Expressions, Transportation Science Vol. 6, No. 3, 1972, pp.286-305.
Sosin, J.A. (1982), Delays at Intersections Controlled by Fixed Traffic Signals, Traffic Engineering and Control, Vol. 21, No. 8/9, pp. 407-413.
Transportation Research Board. (2010). Highway Capacity Manual, Transportation Research Board. National Research Council. Washington D.C.
Cronje, W. B. (1983), Analysis of Existing Formulas for Delay, Overflow and Stops, Transportation Research Record 905, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 89-93.
Van As, S.C., ?Overflow Delay at Signalized Networks,? Transportation Research, Vol. 25A, No.1, 1991, pp. 1-7.
Roger P.Roess, Prassas, William R.Mcshane. (2011), Traffic Engineering, 3td Ed, Pearson Prentice Hall.
Ali Amidi, Mohammad vahidi asl. (2014), Mathematical Statistics, Tehran University Press.
Nanoceramics are composed of ceramics and are classified as inorganic, heat-resistant, nonmetallic solids made of both metallic and nonmetallic compounds. Bone tissue engineering applies bioactive scaffolds, host cells and osteogenic signals for restoring damaged or diseased tissues. Composites of bioactive ceramics closely match the properties of bone. In the present
Nanoceramics are composed of ceramics and are classified as inorganic, heat-resistant, nonmetallic solids made of both metallic and nonmetallic compounds. Bone tissue engineering applies bioactive scaffolds, host cells and osteogenic signals for restoring damaged or diseased tissues. Composites of bioactive ceramics closely match the properties of bone. In the present review paper, an attempt has been made to emphasize the suitability of nanoceramics in the field of bone tissue engineering. Toxicity of these synthesized nanomaterials should be checked before their real application. Nanoceramics, in future, will surely prove to be important nanomaterials in the field of tissue engineering. Full article
Kiani, A., Rahmani, M., Manickam, S. & Tan, B. Nanoceramics: Synthesis, characterization, and applications. J. Nanomater. 2014, 2?4 (2014).
Bagchi, A., Meka, S. R., Rao, B. N. & Chatterjee, K. Perovskite ceramic nanoparticles in polymer composites for augmenting bone tissue regeneration. Nanotechnology. 25, 485101 (2014).
Sethu, S. N. et al. Nanoceramics on osteoblast proliferation and differentiation in bone tissue engineering. Int.J.Biol.Macromol. 98, 67?74 (2017).
Amini, A. R., Laurencin, C. T. & Nukavarapu, S. P. Bone tissue engineering: recent advances and challenges. Crit. Rev. Biomed. Eng. 40, 363?408 (2012).
Nanoceramics (Nanotechnology). Available at: http://what-when-how.com/nanoscience-and-nanotechnology/nanoceramics-nanotechnology/
Itoh, H., Wakisaka, Y., Ohnuma, Y. & Kuboki, Y. A new porous hydroxyapatite ceramic prepared by cold isostatic pressing and sintering synthesized flaky powder. Dent.Mater.J. 13, 25?35 (1994).
Yao, Z., Tan, S., Xia, M., Ye, Y. & Li, J. Synthesis, characterization and sintering behaviour of indialite ceramic from fly ash. Waste Manag. 29, 1090?1097 (2011).
Denry, I., Goudouri, O. M., Harless, J. & Holloway, J. A. Rapid vacuum sintering: A novel technique for fabricating fluorapatite ceramic scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. J.Biomed.Mater.Res.B Appl.Biomater. 106, 291?299 (2018).
Goodridge, R. D., Dalgarno, K. W. & Wood, D. J. Indirect selective laser sintering of an apatite-mullite glass-ceramic for potential use in bone replacement applications. Proc.Inst.Mech.Eng H. 220, 57?68 (2006).
Dinesh, K. S. et al. Formulation and biological actions of nano-bioglass ceramic particles doped with Calcarea phosphorica for bone tissue engineering. Mater.Sci.Eng C.Mater.Biol.Appl. 83, 202?209 (2018).
Rezaei, M. et al. Nano-Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Ceramic for the Repair of Bone Defects. J.Craniofac.Surg. (2018).
Deepthi, S., Venkatesan, J., Kim, S. K., Bumgardner, J. D. & Jayakumar, R. An overview of chitin or chitosan/nano ceramic composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. Int.J.Biol.Macromol. 93, 1338?1353 (2016).
Lisboa-Filho, P. N. et al. Bone repair with raloxifene and bioglass nanoceramic composite in animal experiment. Connect. Res. 59, 97?101 (2018).
Bhowmick, A. et al. Development of bone-like zirconium oxide nanoceramic modified chitosan based porous nanocomposites for biomedical application. Int.J.Biol.Macromol. 95, 348?356 (2017).
Shokrollahi, H., Salimi, F. & Doostmohammadi, A. The fabrication and characterization of barium titanate/akermanite nano-bio-ceramic with a suitable piezoelectric coefficient for bone defect recovery. J.Mech.Behav.Biomed.Mater. 74, 365?370 (2017).