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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 29-38. 10.31586/MolecularPhysics.0401.05
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    Abstract
    In this work, we discuss a theoretical model that can describe novel phenomena of induction of weak anomalous forces in gyroscopes under right rotations either in rest frame of the laboratory or in free-fall. The effect detected in the gyroscopes cannot be successfully associated to any conventional theory. So, we
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    In this work, we discuss a theoretical model that can describe novel phenomena of induction of weak anomalous forces in gyroscopes under right rotations either in rest frame of the laboratory or in free-fall. The effect detected in the gyroscopes cannot be successfully associated to any conventional theory. So, we elaborated the theoretical description of such forces in both experiments by means of a model based on the generalized quantum entanglement framework, by considering as quantum witnesses the magnetic permeability and as macroscopic observable the angular momentum of the gyroscopes rotors. Our calculations indicate that there is a good agreement with the experimental data obtained from literature for most rotation frequencies measured.Full article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 21-28. 10.31586/Cardiology.0401.04
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    Abstract
    At present, cardiovascular diseases are global health problems responsible for 17.3 million deaths per year and adding extra burden in developing countries like Nepal. Studies show that serum uric acid (SUA) can result in endothelial dysfunction which can lead to vascular disease like stroke. In this study, we determined serum
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    At present, cardiovascular diseases are global health problems responsible for 17.3 million deaths per year and adding extra burden in developing countries like Nepal. Studies show that serum uric acid (SUA) can result in endothelial dysfunction which can lead to vascular disease like stroke. In this study, we determined serum uric acid levels in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and assess its risk factors. A cross sectional study was conducted in 82 patients with ACS who fulfilled the inclusion criteria included in the study and their serum uric acid level were investigated. It was found that 51 (62.2%) were males and 31 (37.8%) were females. Mean age in study population was 60.26 ± 11.34 years. Majority of the population belongs to 56-65 years age group. The mean uric acid level of our study population was 6.03 ± 1.50 mg/dl (male = 5.92 ± 1.72, female = 6.64 ± 1.53). SUA ≥ 7 mg/dl was maximum in 56-65 years age group and there was no association between age and SUA (P value = 0.146). Over half of the study population were hypertensive i.e. 42 (51.21%) and smoker i.e. 43 (52.43%). It showed association between SUA and ACS (P value = 0.003). Among those having diabetes, maximum have SUA ≥ 7 mg/dl i.e. 17 (47.22%). Among those having high cholesterol level, male have higher incidence than female with no association between T. Cholesterol and gender (P value = 0.49). The mean value of T. Cholesterol was 189.83 ± 46.81 mg/dl (male = 198.78 ± 55.19 mg/dl, female = 202.30 ± 54.92 mg/dl) with (P value = 0.52). In conclusion, the mean age of ACS patients was 60.26 years, with the peak incidence at the age of 56-65 years. The ACS had male predominance. The potential risk factors of ACS were: Age >56 years (65.83%), male sex (62.2%), dyslipidemia (35.36%, hypertension (51.2%), diabetes mellitus (43.9%), smoking (52.4%) and alcohol consumption (39%). Among these SUA significantly associated with risk factors were- Sex, Diabetes Mellitus, T. Cholesterol. There was association between serum uric acid level and ACS patients. Hypertension and smoking constitutes one of the major risk factor for ACS in study population.Full article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 9-13. 10.31586/CriticalCare.0401.02
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    Abstract
    Introduction: Acute hyperthermia is a common complication in the first 24 hours after open heart surgery with the incidence of 12% to 73%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of postoperative peritoneal dialysis for controlling acute hyperthermia in pediatrics undergoing on-pump heart surgery. Methods:
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    Introduction: Acute hyperthermia is a common complication in the first 24 hours after open heart surgery with the incidence of 12% to 73%. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of postoperative peritoneal dialysis for controlling acute hyperthermia in pediatrics undergoing on-pump heart surgery. Methods: We reviewed clinical outcomes of 40 infants who underwent congenital surgery from August 2016 to August 2017. Patients were divided into two groups in terms of peritoneal dialysis requirement as group A and B. Demographic data, intraoperative and postoperative variables were compared between the patients. Results: Among the 40 high risk infants who underwent cardiac surgery, 20 patients were treated with peritoneal dialysis (group A). Mean rectal temperature and incidence of acute hyperthermia in 24h after surgery were higher in group A compared to group B (p ˂ 0.05). Infants in group A were younger, lighter and showed lower BSA compare to group B (p < 0.05). Also, higher concentration of serum potassium and lower urinary output were seen in group A compared to group B (p = 0.05). The incidence of neurological events was significantly higher in patients of group A (p < 0.05). Intubation time and intensive care unit stay was significantly more prolonged in the group A with peritoneal dialysis (p ˂ 0.05). Conclusion: Peritoneal dialysis performance was effective in treatment of induced hyperthermia in the first 24 h after operation. Indeed, younger age and lighter weight children are more prone to postoperative complication related to cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.Full article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 1-8. 10.31586/Metal.0401.01
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    Abstract
    The Cu-0.36Cr-0.15Zr alloy was prepared by solid solution, continuous extrusion and cold deformation. The microstructural evolution, microhardness and the thermal analysis were examined for the alloy after annealing treatment at different temperatures ranging from 300 oC to 700 oC. Experimental results show that the microstructure of the alloy remains stable
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    The Cu-0.36Cr-0.15Zr alloy was prepared by solid solution, continuous extrusion and cold deformation. The microstructural evolution, microhardness and the thermal analysis were examined for the alloy after annealing treatment at different temperatures ranging from 300 oC to 700 oC. Experimental results show that the microstructure of the alloy remains stable after annealed below 500 oC due to the pinning effect of dislocations from the nanoscale precipitates. However, recrystallization and grain growth took place after a 600 oC annealing treatment when the precipitates grew up and lose inhibition of movement of dislocations and grain boundaries. Meanwhile, the higher dislocation density and finer grains introduced by continuous extrusion accelerate the recrystallization process compared with that prepared by the traditional rolling process.Full article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2019, 4(1), 14-20. 10.31586/Microbiology.0401.03
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    Abstract
    Motility plays an important role in biofilm formation and movement in different environmental conditions, colonization, and adhesion of bacteria to surfaces. The lowest swimming was 3 (mm) in agar medium and the highest value was 42.67 (mm) with the addition of WCW. The lowest swarming was carried out in agar
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    Motility plays an important role in biofilm formation and movement in different environmental conditions, colonization, and adhesion of bacteria to surfaces. The lowest swimming was 3 (mm) in agar medium and the highest value was 42.67 (mm) with the addition of WCW. The lowest swarming was carried out in agar medium with 7.66 (mm), while the highest value was found in N.A medium with the addition of 10% WCW 59.33 (mm). In all experimental conditions, an increase of 2.4 times (swimming) and 6.4 times (swarming) was observed after the addition of WCW to the controls.Full article
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