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Vol 3 No 3 (2018): October, 2018
  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 124-132. 10.31586/Biochemistry.0303.04
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    Abstract
    The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in current situation due to huge toxins and contaminants in the environment and food chain. Considering the importance of bone health in the modern era, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy
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    The bone health is an important part of healthy-life and longevity in current situation due to huge toxins and contaminants in the environment and food chain. Considering the importance of bone health in the modern era, the present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of the Consciousness Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect?) Treatment on Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) in which the human bone osteosarcoma cells - MG-63 (ATCC? CRL-1427?) was grown for the assessment of bone cell proliferation and differentiation in vitro. The study parameters were assessed using cell viability by MTT assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and collagen synthesis on bone health using ELISA-based assay. The cell viability was significantly increased by 24% in the Biofield Energy Treated group supplemented with 10% charcoal-dextran with fetal bovine serum (CD-FBS) (G3) compared to the untreated cells group (G1). The level of ALP was significantly increased by 72% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. Additionally, the level of collagen synthesis was significantly (p?0.001) increased by 19% in the G3 group compared to the G1 group. The overall results demonstrated that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM has the potential for bone mineralization and bone cells growth as evident via increased levels of collagen and ALP. Therefore, the Biofield Energy Healing (The Trivedi Effect?) Treatment could be useful as a bone health promoter for various bone-related disorders like low bone density, osteogenesis imperfecta, and osteoporosis, etc.Full article
  • Open Access Case Report
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 144-146. 10.31586/Surgery.0303.07
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    Abstract
    Central vein stenosis is a rare complication that occurs after central venous port placement. We report a case of chyle withdrawal from a central venous port in a patient receiving chemotherapy for stage IV rectal cancer. Dilated thoracic duct terminal and innominate vein stenosis both were clearly shown in the
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    Central vein stenosis is a rare complication that occurs after central venous port placement. We report a case of chyle withdrawal from a central venous port in a patient receiving chemotherapy for stage IV rectal cancer. Dilated thoracic duct terminal and innominate vein stenosis both were clearly shown in the angiography results, and innominate vein stenosis was resolved by performing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 120-123. 10.31586/Nanomaterials.0303.03
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    Abstract
    Nanoceramics are composed of ceramics and are classified as inorganic, heat-resistant, nonmetallic solids made of both metallic and nonmetallic compounds. Bone tissue engineering applies bioactive scaffolds, host cells and osteogenic signals for restoring damaged or diseased tissues. Composites of bioactive ceramics closely match the properties of bone. In the present
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    Nanoceramics are composed of ceramics and are classified as inorganic, heat-resistant, nonmetallic solids made of both metallic and nonmetallic compounds. Bone tissue engineering applies bioactive scaffolds, host cells and osteogenic signals for restoring damaged or diseased tissues. Composites of bioactive ceramics closely match the properties of bone. In the present review paper, an attempt has been made to emphasize the suitability of nanoceramics in the field of bone tissue engineering. Toxicity of these synthesized nanomaterials should be checked before their real application. Nanoceramics, in future, will surely prove to be important nanomaterials in the field of tissue engineering.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 133-137. 10.31586/Psychiatry.0303.05
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    Abstract
    Objective: Suicide is the most common cause of premature death of schizophrenia. This study investigated the relationship between cholesterol levels and suicidal behaviour in chronic psychosis. Methods: The study group consisted of 109 schizophrenia, schizoaffective and other non affectice psychosis defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th
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    Objective: Suicide is the most common cause of premature death of schizophrenia. This study investigated the relationship between cholesterol levels and suicidal behaviour in chronic psychosis. Methods: The study group consisted of 109 schizophrenia, schizoaffective and other non affectice psychosis defined by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) criteria. Lifetime suicide attempts of patients were retrospectively screened. The patients were divided into two groups with and without suicide. Serum cholesterol levels were compared between two groups. Results: The mean total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and LDL levels were 163.8 mg/dl,150.8 mg/dl,40.8 mg/dl and 132.4 mg/dl, respectively in the study group while they were 197.1 mg/dl, 194 mg/dl, 44.9 mg/dl and 124.2 mg/dl, respectively in the control group. Total cholesterol levels were significantly lower than patients with suicidal attempts compared with the patients with no suicidal attemps (p=0,03). No association was found between suicidal attempt and HDL cholesterol (p=0,24), triglyceride (p=0,193), and LDL(p=0,45). Conclusion: This result supports the hypothesis of association low plasma cholesterol levels and suicidal behavior in psychosisFull article
  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 104-115. 10.31586/PharmaceuticalHealth.0303.01
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    Abstract
    Objective: To examine which medication could lead to a higher short and long term smoking abstinence in patients with schizophrenia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical records database (1995 ? 2011). The cohort consisted of adult smokers with diagnosis of schizophrenia newly initiating cessation medication.
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    Objective: To examine which medication could lead to a higher short and long term smoking abstinence in patients with schizophrenia.Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using General Electric (GE) medical records database (1995 ? 2011). The cohort consisted of adult smokers with diagnosis of schizophrenia newly initiating cessation medication. Short term and long term outcomes of cessation were measured at 3 weeks and 1 year. Descriptive and chi-square analyses were used to determine the frequencies and associations of patient characteristics with the abstinence outcomes. Logistic regression models were carried out to determine the predictors of short term and long term abstinence. Results: The cohort consisted of 3,976 patients. Abstinence rate was highest for Varenicline, followed by Bupropion, NRT, and lastly combination at week 12. At one year, abstinence rate was highest for Varenicline, followed by combination, NRT, and lastly Bupropion. Age, race, household locations and receiving counseling were associated with abstinence. No significant differences were found between cessation medications. Conclusions: There were no statistically significant differences in quitting with type of cessation medication. Predictors of better abstinence identified included older age, white race, western household location. These factors should be considered when designing future interventions for schizophrenic population as this minority population may need more tailored approaches to achieve a successful cessation outcome.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 138-143. 10.31586/Rehabilitation.0303.06
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    Abstract
    Objective: To evaluate the volar static hand-wrist orthoses, upper extremity motor development, manual dexterity and independence in daily life activities in stroke patients. Methods: Forty patients were prospectively randomized to use a volar splint or no splint (control group). All patients were included in a 6-week rehabilitation programme. Fugl-Meyer Assessment
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    Objective: To evaluate the volar static hand-wrist orthoses, upper extremity motor development, manual dexterity and independence in daily life activities in stroke patients. Methods: Forty patients were prospectively randomized to use a volar splint or no splint (control group). All patients were included in a 6-week rehabilitation programme. Fugl-Meyer Assessment was used for clinical motor assessment, the Modified Ashworth Scale was employed for spasticity, the Nine Hole Peg Test (NHPT) was used for evaluating fine motor dexterity, and the Barthel index was employed for functional evaluation Results: Only a significant difference was found in the Modified Ashworth finger flexor values in Group 1 patients between hospitalisation and week 3 and week 6 but other scales were not significantly different among the groups. Conclusions: Volar static hand-wrist orthoses were shown to be particularly effective on finger flexors with exercise therapy in reducing muscle tone, and also beneficial exercise programmes in post-stroke rehabilitation.Full article
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  • Open Access Research Article
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    Trends Journal of Sciences Research 2018, 3(3), 116-119. 10.31586/Surgery.0303.02
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    Abstract
    Introduction: Traumatic pulmonary parenchymal cavitary lesions (TPPCs) are pulmonary pseudocysts raiding secondary to lung contusion. Method: To provide an overview of the etiology, presentation, diagnosis and treatment of TPPCs, and to discuss this in the context of a cohort of 12 retrospectively reviewed patients with TPPCs presenting to Sahlgrenska University
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    Introduction: Traumatic pulmonary parenchymal cavitary lesions (TPPCs) are pulmonary pseudocysts raiding secondary to lung contusion. Method: To provide an overview of the etiology, presentation, diagnosis and treatment of TPPCs, and to discuss this in the context of a cohort of 12 retrospectively reviewed patients with TPPCs presenting to Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden, from January 2014 to December 2016. Between January 2014 and December 2016, a total of twelve trauma patients presented to Sahlgrenska University Hospital with TPPC following blunt trauma.Results: TPPCs are of limited clinical consequence. Inexperienced clinicians may treat these inappropriately. A Computed Tomography (CT) scan is the investigation of choice. Treatment is symptomatic. Intervention is indicated only in case of complications.Full article
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